The Chinese Crested is rumored to be descended from hairless dogs that were traded by
sailors of many nationalities around the 17th and 18th Centuries. There is actually no
historical evidence that the breed originated in China (or Africa), though hairless dogs
have been recorded in many different parts of the world.
The only proven population of hairless dogs from that period were the 'pila dogs' of South
America, a type of naturally hairless dog which included the Xoloitzcuintli, a 4,000 year-old
breed revered by the Aztecs and Toltecs. Because the main shipping routes of that era
circled the entire globe, once the New World was discovered these hairless Xolos and
pila-mixes were most likely transplanted by sailors to many other countries leading to
eventual confusion over their land of origin.
When examples of those hairless and semi-hairless dogs reached Europe in the 1800s,
they gained a small following as curiosities, but were not seriously bred. The names given
to these dogs varied widely, including 'African Hairless Terrier', 'Japanese Hairless',
'Mexican Crested' and many others. Eventually the name 'Chinese Crested' was settled on
due to the belief at the time that there were no dogs native to the New World, and that all
breeds found on that continent were simply imported from Asia. Despite the fact that
modern archaeological and genetic findings have debunked that theory, the name remains.
In the 1920s, Ms. Debora Wood created the Crest Haven Kennel and began to refine,
outcross, and develop the breed along with contributions from Ms. Ida H. Garret. But it
wasn't until Gypsy Rose Lee, a popular burlesque dancer and actress, also began
promoting Chinese Cresteds that the general public began to take an interest in them.
Crest Haven eventually incorporated Lee's dogs into their own lines, and those two
kennels were the foundation for every Chinese Crested alive today.
Ms. Wood also created the American Hairless Dog Club in 1959, which eventually became
the American Chinese Crested Club (ACCC) in 1978. The breed was very rare and wasn't
recognized by the AKC until 1991
Thanks to Pai , who gave permission
to copy this text from her site !